MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
SECTION 1: Product Identification and Company Information
24-Hour Emergency Number:
EMERGENCY: If swallowed, call 1-800-268-9017
2-30 Shields Crt, Markham, ON, L3R9T5, Canada
SECTION 2: Composition / Information on Ingredients
Primary Hazardous Component: N/A
Other Non-Harazdous Components:
Propylene Glycol (50%) 57-55-6, Glycerin (50%) 56-81-5, Natural and Artificial Flavours (see table(s) below):
Propylene Glycol, USP
Glycerin, USP Kosher
Proprietary Flavour Blend (PFB)
MIXTURE: Bottles contain less than or euqal to the concentration printed on the label by volume. (Main ingredients are Propylene Glycol, abbreviated PG, and (Vegetable) Glycerin, abberviated VG). Propylene Glycol and Glycerin are both inert and GRAS by the CFIA.
SECTION 3: Hazard(s) Identification
Emergency Overview: Harmful in case of ingestion, of skin contact, of eye contact.
Potential Chronic Health Effects:
Carcinogenic Effects: Not Available
Mutagenic Effects: Not Available
Teratogenic Effects: Not Available
SECTION 4: First-Aid Measures
Eyes: If this product comes in contact with the eyes:
- Wash out immediately with fresh running water.
- Ensure complete irrigation of the eye by keeping eyelids apart and away from eye and moving
the eyelids by occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids.
- Seek medical attention without delay; if pain persists or recurs seek medical attention.
- Removal of contact lenses after an eye injury should only be undertaken by skilled personnel.
SECTION 5: Fire-Fighting Measures
Fire Fighting Media and Instructions:
Wear full protective equipment and self-contained breathing apparatus with independent air
circulation if a large amount of material is exposed to fire. Containers exposed to fire or high
temperatures may release toxic fumes.
Propylene Glycol, USP
Flammability: May be combustible at high temperature.
Auto-Ignition Temperature: 371°C
Flash Points: Closed Cup: 99°C / Open
SECTION 6: Accidental Release Measures
- Remove all ignition sources.
- Avoid breathing vapors and contact with skin and eyes.
- Control personal contact with the substance, by using protective equipment.
- Dilute spill with water and mop up, or absorb with spill kit and place in an appropriate waste
- Dispose of according to municipal, provincial, and federal regulations.
SECTION 7: Handling and Storage
Keep out of reach of children. Keep in manufacturing container. Do not tamper with the manufacturing label. Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
- DO NOT allow clothing wet with material to stay in contact with skin.
- Avoid all personal contact, including inhalation.
- Wear protective clothing when risk of exposure occurs.
- Use in well-ventilated area.
- Prevent concentration in hollows and sumps.
- Store in original containers.
- Keep containers securely sealed.
- Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area.
SECTION 8: Exposure Controls / Personal Protection
If handling in large quantities, handle with appropriate protective equipment.
Eye / Face Protection: Wear protective glasses.
Hands / Feet Protection:
- Wear chemical protective gloves, e.g. PVC
- Wear safety footwear or safety gumboots, e.g. Rubber
- The material may produce skin sensitization in predisposed individuals. Care must be taken, when removing gloves and other protective equipment, to avoid all possible skin contact.
- Contaminated leather items, such as shoes, belts and watch-bands should be removed and destroyed.
Skin Protection: Wear rubber or protective gloves and liquid resistant clothing.
Body Protection: Overalls. P.V.C suits.
SECTION 9: Physical and Chemical Properties
Physical State and Appearance: Oily Liquid
Odor: Varies by flavour. Generally smells like the flavour on the manufacturing label. Can smell like natural and artificial flavouring.
pH (as supplied): N/A
Appearance: Colour varies by flavour. Generally colourless to slightly coloured, though can be much darker and non-transparent.
SECTION 10: Stability and Reactivity
Chemical Stability: This product is stable under normal conditions.
Conditions of Instability: Heat, fire, or other ignition sources, incompatible materials.
Incompatible Materials: Reacts with oxidizing agents and acids.
SECTION 11: Stability and Reactivity
Routes of Entry: Absorbed through skin, inhaled, ingested, eye contact.
Skin Contact: The material is not thought to have harmful health effects (as classified under EC Directives); the material may still produce health damage following entry through wounds, lesions, or abrasions. A single prolonged exposure is not likely to result in the material being absorbed in harmful amounts.
Inhalation: The material is not thought to produce respiratory irritation (as classified by EC Directives using animal models). Nevertheless inhalation of vapours, fumes, or aerosols, especially for prolonged periods, may produce respiratory discomfort and occasionally, distress.
Ingestion: Accidental ingestion of the material may be damaging to the health of the individual. Ingestion of propylene glycol produced reversible central nervous system depression in humans following ingestion of 60mL. Symptoms included increased heart-rate (tachycardia), excessive sweating (diaphoresis) and grand mal seizures in a 15 month child who ingested large doses (7.5mL/day for 8 days) as an ingredient of vitamin preparation. Excessive repeated ingestions may cause hypoglycaemia (low levels of glucose in the blood stream) among susceptible individuals; this may result in muscular weakness, incoordination and mental confusion.
Eye: Irritation of the eyes may produce a heavy secretion of tears (lachrymation). Limited evidence of practical experience suggests, that the material may cause eye irritation in a substantial number of individuals. Repeated or prolonged eye contact may cause inflammation characterized by temporary redness (similar to windburn) of the conjunctiva (conjunctivitis); temporary impairment of vision and/or other transient eye damage/ulceration may occur.
Chronic: There exists limited evidence that shows that skin contact with the material is capable either of inducing a sensitization reaction in a significant number of individuals, and/or of producing positive response in experimental animals. Propylene glycol is though, by some, to be a sensitizing principal following the regular use of topical creams by eczema patients. A study of 866 persons using a formulation containing propylene glycol in a patch test indicated that propylene glycol caused primary irritation in 16% of exposed individuals probably caused by dehydration. Undiluted propylene glycol was tested on 1556 persons in a 24 hour patch test.
Toxicity to Animals:
Propylene Glycol: Acute oral toxicity (LD50) in rats (8 - 46g / Kg), mice (25 - 32g / Kg), and guinea pigs (18 - 20g / Kg). Dermal (rabbit) LD50: >2000mg/kg
Eye (rabbit): 100mg - mild
Eye (rabbit): 500mg/24h - mild
Skin (human): 104mg/3d Intermit Mod
Skin (human): 500mg/7 days mild
SECTION 12: Ecological Information
Environmental exposure controls: Should not be allowed to reach large quantities of ground water, sewage, waste water or soil. Propylene glycol is known to exert high levels of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) during degradation in surface waters. This process can adversely affect aquatic life by consuming oxygen needed by aquatic organisms for survival. Large quantities of dissolved oxygen (DO) in the water column are consumed when microbial populations decompose propylene glycol. Sufficient dissolved oxygen levels in surface waters are critical for the survival of fish, macro-invertebrates, and other aquatic organisms.
SECTION 13: Disposal Considerations
Waste Disposal: Waste must be disposed of in accordance with municipal, provincial, and federal environmental control regulations.
Legislation addressing waste disposal requirements may differ by country, state, province, territory, or city. Each user must refer to laws operating in their areas. In some areas, certain wastes must be tracked.
A Hierarchy of Controls seems to be common - the user should investigate:
- Disposal (if all else fails)
This material may be recycled if unused, or if it has not been contaminated so as to make it unsuitable for its intended use.
SECTION 14: Transporation Information
Land Transport (DOT): NOT A DOT CONTROLLED MATERIAL (CANADA)
Air Transport (ICAO-IATA / DGR): NOT REGULATED FOR TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS
Sea Transport (IMDG-Code / GGVSee): NOT REGULATED FOR TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS
SECTION 15: Other Information
The (M)SDS is a Hazard Communication tool and should be used to assist in the Risk Assessment. Many factors determine whether the reported Hazards are Risks in Scenarios. Scale of use, frequency of use and current or available engineering controls must be considered.